The greatest threats to Asian elephants are habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation; killing for ivory or in retaliation following human-elephant conflicts; and the loss of genetic viability resulting from small population size and isolation. As a result, Asian elephants now occur on only about 10% of their historical range and many of the remaining populations are both small and isolated. The growing human population has encroached on the elephant's habitat with around 20% of the world's human population living in close proximity to the Asian elephant. Their numbers have more than halved in a century, down from over 100,000 to around 35,000.
WCS – India has been actively involved in the study and conservation of the Asian Elephant. Monitoring the integrity and quality of wildlife habitats, threat assessment and conservation monitoring of key populations has been an integral part of our conservation approach for Asian elephants.
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